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Palette

The palette enables you to modify the color of the components to suit your brand.

Palette colors

The theme exposes the following palette colors (accessible under theme.palette.):

  • primary - used to represent primary interface elements for a user. It's the color displayed most frequently across your app's screens and components.
  • secondary - used to represent secondary interface elements for a user. It provides more ways to accent and distinguish your product. Having it is optional.
  • error - used to represent interface elements that the user should be made aware of.
  • warning - used to represent potentially dangerous actions or important messages.
  • info - used to present information to the user that is neutral and not necessarily important.
  • success - used to indicate the successful completion of an action that user triggered.

If you want to learn more about color, you can check out the color section.

Default values

You can explore the default values of the palette using the theme explorer or by opening the dev tools console on this page (window.theme.palette).

Primary

palette.primary.light

#7986cb

palette.primary.main

#3f51b5

palette.primary.dark

#303f9f

Secondary

palette.secondary.light

#ff4081

palette.secondary.main

#f50057

palette.secondary.dark

#c51162

Error

palette.error.light

#e57373

palette.error.main

#f44336

palette.error.dark

#d32f2f

Warning

palette.warning.light

#ffb74d

palette.warning.main

#ff9800

palette.warning.dark

#f57c00

Info

palette.info.light

#64b5f6

palette.info.main

#2196f3

palette.info.dark

#1976d2

Success

palette.success.light

#81c784

palette.success.main

#4caf50

palette.success.dark

#388e3c

The default palette uses the shades prefixed with A (A200, etc.) for the secondary palette color, and the un-prefixed shades for the other palette colors.

Customization

You may override the default palette values by including a palette object as part of your theme. If any of the:

palette color objects are provided, they will replace the default ones.

The palette color value can either be a color object, or an object with one or more of the keys specified by the following TypeScript interface:

interface PaletteColor {
  light?: string;
  main: string;
  dark?: string;
  contrastText?: string;
}

Using a color object

The simplest way to customize a palette color is to import one or more of the provided colors and apply them:

import { createTheme } from '@material-ui/core/styles';
import blue from '@material-ui/core/colors/blue';

const theme = createTheme({
  palette: {
    primary: blue,
  },
});

Providing the colors directly

If you wish to provide more customized colors, you can either create your own palette color, or directly supply colors to some or all of the theme.palette keys:

import { createTheme } from '@material-ui/core/styles';

const theme = createTheme({
  palette: {
    primary: {
      // light: will be calculated from palette.primary.main,
      main: '#ff4400',
      // dark: will be calculated from palette.primary.main,
      // contrastText: will be calculated to contrast with palette.primary.main
    },
    secondary: {
      light: '#0066ff',
      main: '#0044ff',
      // dark: will be calculated from palette.secondary.main,
      contrastText: '#ffcc00',
    },
    // Used by `getContrastText()` to maximize the contrast between
    // the background and the text.
    contrastThreshold: 3,
    // Used by the functions below to shift a color's luminance by approximately
    // two indexes within its tonal palette.
    // E.g., shift from Red 500 to Red 300 or Red 700.
    tonalOffset: 0.2,
  },
});

As in the example above, if the palette color contains custom colors using any of the "main", "light", "dark" or "contrastText" keys, these map as follows:

  • If the "dark" and / or "light" keys are omitted, their value(s) will be calculated from "main", according to the "tonalOffset" value.
  • If "contrastText" is omitted, its value will be calculated to contrast with "main", according to the "contrastThreshold" value.

Both the "tonalOffset" and "contrastThreshold" values may be customized as needed. The "tonalOffset" value can either be a number between 0 and 1, which will apply to both light and dark variants, or an object with light and dark variants specified by the following TypeScript type:

type PaletteTonalOffset =
  | number
  | {
      light: number;
      dark: number;
    };

A higher value for "tonalOffset" will make calculated values for "light" lighter, and "dark" darker. A higher value for "contrastThreshold" increases the point at which a background color is considered light, and given a dark "contrastText".

Note that "contrastThreshold" follows a non-linear curve.

Example

import * as React from 'react';
import { createTheme } from '@material-ui/core/styles';
import { ThemeProvider } from '@material-ui/styles';
import { purple } from '@material-ui/core/colors';
import Button from '@material-ui/core/Button';

const theme = createTheme({
  palette: {
    primary: {
      // Purple and green play nicely together.
      main: purple[500],
    },
    secondary: {
      // This is green.A700 as hex.
      main: '#11cb5f',
    },
  },
});

export default function Palette() {
  return (
    <ThemeProvider theme={theme}>
      <Button>Primary</Button>
      <Button color="secondary">Secondary</Button>
    </ThemeProvider>
  );
}

Adding new colors

You can add new colors inside and outside the palette of the theme as follow:

import { createTheme } from '@material-ui/core/styles';

const theme = createTheme({
  status: {
    danger: '#e53e3e',
  },
  palette: {
    primary: {
      main: '#0971f1',
      darker: '#053e85',
    },
    neutral: {
      main: '#5c6ac4',
    },
  },
});

If you are using TypeScript, you would also need to use module augmentation for the theme to accept the above values.

declare module '@material-ui/core/styles' {
  interface Theme {
    status: {
      danger: React.CSSProperties['color'];
    };
  }

  interface Palette {
    neutral: Palette['primary'];
  }
  interface PaletteOptions {
    neutral: PaletteOptions['primary'];
  }

  interface PaletteColor {
    darker?: string;
  }
  interface SimplePaletteColorOptions {
    darker?: string;
  }
  interface ThemeOptions {
    status: {
      danger: React.CSSProperties['color'];
    };
  }
}

Picking colors

Need inspiration? The Material Design team has built an palette configuration tool to help you.

Dark mode

Material-UI comes with two palette modes: light (the default) and dark. You can make the theme dark by setting mode: 'dark'.

const darkTheme = createTheme({
  palette: {
    mode: 'dark',
  },
});

While it's only a single value change, the createTheme helper modifies several palette values. The colors modified by the palette mode are the following:

Typography

palette.text.primary

#fff

palette.text.secondary

rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.7)

palette.text.disabled

rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.5)

Buttons

palette.action.active

#fff

palette.action.hover

rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.08)

palette.action.selected

rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.16)

palette.action.disabled

rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.3)

palette.action.disabledBackground

rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.12)

Background

palette.background.default

#121212

palette.background.paper

#121212

Divider

palette.divider

rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.12)

Typography

palette.text.primary

rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.87)

palette.text.secondary

rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6)

palette.text.disabled

rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.38)

Buttons

palette.action.active

rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.54)

palette.action.hover

rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.04)

palette.action.selected

rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.08)

palette.action.disabled

rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.26)

palette.action.disabledBackground

rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.12)

Background

palette.background.default

#fff

palette.background.paper

#fff

Divider

palette.divider

rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.12)

Toggling color mode

You can use the React context to toggle the mode with a button inside your page.

light mode

System preference

Users might have specified a preference for a light or dark theme. The method by which the user expresses their preference can vary. It might be a system-wide setting exposed by the Operating System, or a setting controlled by the User Agent.

You can leverage this preference dynamically with the useMediaQuery hook and the prefers-color-scheme media query.

For instance, you can enable the dark mode automatically:

import * as React from 'react';
import useMediaQuery from '@material-ui/core/useMediaQuery';
import { createTheme, ThemeProvider } from '@material-ui/core/styles';
import CssBaseline from '@material-ui/core/CssBaseline';

function App() {
  const prefersDarkMode = useMediaQuery('(prefers-color-scheme: dark)');

  const theme = React.useMemo(
    () =>
      createTheme({
        palette: {
          mode: prefersDarkMode ? 'dark' : 'light',
        },
      }),
    [prefersDarkMode],
  );

  return (
    <ThemeProvider theme={theme}>
      <CssBaseline />
      <Routes />
    </ThemeProvider>
  );
}