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Data Grid - Editing recipes

Advanced grid customization recipes.

Multiline editing

You can have columns with multiline text and edit them by creating a custom edit component.

In the demo below, the Bio column is composed of multiple lines. To persist the changes, use Ctrl+Enter (or ⌘ Command+Enter on macOS).

Conditional validation

When all cells in a row are in edit mode, you can validate fields by comparing their values against one another. To do this, start by adding the preProcessEditCellProps as explained in the validation section. When the callback is called, it will have an additional otherFieldsProps param containing the props from the other fields in the same row. Use this param to check if the value from the current column is valid or not. Return the modified props containing the error as you would for cell editing. Once at the least one field has the error attribute set to a truthy value, the row will not exit edit mode.

The following demo requires a value for the Payment method column only if the Is paid? column is checked:

Linked fields

The options available for one field may depend on the value of another field. For instance, if the singleSelect column is used, you can provide a function to valueOptions returning the relevant options for the value selected in another field, as exemplified below.

const columns: GridColDef[] = [
    field: 'account',
    type: 'singleSelect',
    valueOptions: ({ row }) => {
      if (!row) {
        // The row is not available when filtering this column
        return ['Sales', 'Investments', 'Ads', 'Taxes', 'Payroll', 'Utilities'];

      return row.type === 'Income' // Gets the value of the "type" field
        ? ['Sales', 'Investments', 'Ads']
        : ['Taxes', 'Payroll', 'Utilities'];

The code above is already enough to display different options in the Account column based on the value selected in the Type column. The only task left is to reset the account once the type is changed. This is needed because the previously selected account will not exist now in the options. To solve that, you can create a custom edit component, reusing the built-in one, and pass a function to the onValueChange prop. This function should call apiRef.current.setEditCellValue to reset the value of the other field.

const CustomTypeEditComponent = (props: GridEditSingleSelectCellProps) => {
  const apiRef = useGridApiContext();

  const handleValueChange = async () => {
    await apiRef.current.setEditCellValue({
      field: 'account',
      value: '',

  return <GridEditSingleSelectCell onValueChange={handleValueChange} {...props} />;

The demo below combines the steps showed above. You can experiment it by changing the value of any cell in the Type column. The Account column is automatically updated with the correct options.

A similar behavior can be reproduced with cell editing. Instead of apiRef.current.setEditCellValue, the rows prop must be updated or apiRef.current.updateRows be used. Note that the onCellEditStart and onCellEditStop props also have to be used to revert the value of the cell changed, in case the user cancels the edit.

Single click editing

By default, one of the ways to enter the edit mode is by double-clicking a cell. Using the controlled mode and listening to click events, you can also enter the edit mode with just a single click. The following demo implements this behavior.

Bulk editing

The data grid Editing API exposes the processRowUpdate callback which is commonly used to persist edits on per-row basis. You can utilize this callback to batch edits locally and then choose to either persist or discard them in bulk.

The demo below stores edited and deleted rows in the unsavedChangesRef. These changes are saved or discarded when the user clicks the Save or Discard buttons respectively. Row updates from Clipboard paste are also batched, as Clipboard paste uses Editing API for persistence.